Encyclopedia Friday, September 27, 2019 3113 hits

A design method of sustainable innovation for maintenance of traditional landscape

Sadayo HIRATA, Graduate School of Engineering Management, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Japan, hirata-s@shibaura-it.ac.jp

Haruyuki FUJII, School of Environment and Society, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, fujii.h.aa@m.titech.ac.jp

Kenichi SHINOZAKI, College of Industrial Technology, Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Nihon University, Japan, shinozaki.kenichi@nihon-u.ac.jp



<insert-authors> (2019). <insert-abstract-title>. AIRTH 2019 Conference: Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Success; 2019 Sep 12 - 14; Innsbruck, Austria. Retrieved: <insert-date>, from http://www.airth.global



The purpose of this research is to enable the identification of traditional construction technology and its value, and to work simultaneously on improvements of living and tourism innovation. The traditional landscape, which is made up of cultural properties, is both part of ordinary life and an important element of rural tourism. Residents and tourists have a strong attachment to the landscape. However, a problem is that the division of roles and benefits is unknown.


The viewpoint of tourism research has shifted from market-value-led to social-value-driven (Mihalic, 2016). As traditional cultural properties require maintenance across generations, it is important to record the technology evolution and value changes (Hirata and Yasuoka, 2018). It needs to clarify the roles of the actors involved in value co-creation (Lusch and Vargo, 2014). A pattern language is one of the methods that the designers and clients co-create a good building (Alexander et al., 1997). FNS diagram can add more description about the relationship between concept and reality to a pattern language (Nakashima, Fujii, and Suwa, 2016).

Data and Results

A survey of remote Japanese islands, which used to consist of traditional landscapes by handmade coral fences, found that it was difficult to maintain fences due to the aging of population and fewer successors. And it confirmed that the fences, originally built to protect houses from storms, were ceasing to exist because the houses on the island had been modernized and become strong. Furthermore, it revealed that the local people welcome young tourists who help them to maintain the traditional landscape. Based on these data, techniques for maintenance, utilizing FNS diagrams, were visualized as state transitions of value, brought by technology. And the ecosystem to grasp the value change of landscape maintenance was proposed.


According to technology value state transition and landscape maintenance ecosystem, the necessity of maintenance of traditional construction technology and the basis for deciding the resources and role required for the maintenance could be revealed. The results of these analyses will help residents, tourists and officials to have a common understanding of the actors and actions needed to preserve traditional landscapes. As shown in this study, in order tor innovation to occur in social value driven tourism, and for the achievement of SDGs, it is important to have common understandings among the stakeholders.



Alexander, C. et al. (1997). A Pattern Language - Towns, Building, Construction, Oxford University Press.

Hirata, S., Yasuoka, M. (2018). Consideration on Value Sharing by Automation for Reinforcement of Human Abilities, IJAT, 12(4), 553-563.

Lusch, R. F., and Vargo, S. L. (2014). Service-Dominant Logic: Premises, Perspectives, Possibilities. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Mihalic, T. (2016). Sustainable-responsible Tourism Discourse - Towards ‘Responsustable’ Tourism, Journal of Cleaner Production, 111, 461-470.

Nakashima, H., Fujii, H., and Suwa, M. (2016). FNS Model of Service as Value




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